Questions about the Lascañas Journal

The reversal of Senior Police Officer 3 Arturo Bariquit Lascañas grabbed the attention of the media and Philippine Society. Aside from implicating the President, the timing and the people now supporting Lascañas has contributed to a perception of belief and disbelief depending upon one’s political stance at the moment. Bits and pieces of a document, what is now being called the Lascana’s journal has been shared to the press by the lawyers of Lascañas. Images of the journal can be seen in the original article of PCIJ below.

The journal is said to be a collection of yellow pads sheets containing the thoughts of Lascanas focused on (I) Duterte; (ii) the action Lascañas took for Duterte or as ordered by Duterte; and (iii) the musings of Lascañas. All of it of course from the point of view of Lascanas. Indeed this journal falls neatly into what Scottich poet and diarist William Souter wrote.”A diary is an assassin’s cloak which we wear when we stab a comrade in the back”.

However, Critical questions though arise from the release of this journal:

Authenticity as to the time: Was the journal written during the time mentioned by Lascanas?
Authenticity as to its author: Was it Lascanas who wrote this journal?
Authenticity as to is content: Was it Lascanas who genuinely wrote this journal or was he coached?

These are three critical questions or test that the journals has to pass at least in my mind in order to make it credible.

Of course one might say that because I am currently working as a consultant for the PCOO and voted for Duterte I am biased in this matter. However, my professional ties or my vote during the last election does not make the need to test the credibility of the Lascanas journals important.

In the end my dear reader it is up to you to decide.

Original article from PCIJ

Lascañas pens tell-all journal:
Duterte rule ‘a Divine Trap’

By the Philippine Center for Investigative Journalism

HE HAD repeatedly denied the existence of the so-called Davao Death Squad or DDS at a Senate hearing just four months ago. Yet last week, retired Senior Police Officer 3 Arturo Bariquit Lascañas suddenly made a turnaround, saying not only that he had been one of the “pasimuno” or major players in the DDS, but also that then Davao City Mayor and now President Rodrigo Roa Duterte had ordered the killings done by the group.

His lawyers said Lascañas had been moved to make the confession because he had been suffering from nightmares about the massacre of a family in Davao that included a woman who was then seven months pregnant and a young boy. In the press conference last week, lawyer Arno Sanidad also said that it had been “maybe a month or two months back” that Lascañas decided to come clean in public about the DDS and his role in it.

But Lascañas may have had laid plans for a tell-all far earlier, having started writing a journal sometime in 2015.

That journal — written by hand on yellow paper — has now reached some 70 pages. In it, Lascañas has apparently scribbled notes about his own career, Duterte’s rise to power, and the supposed bloody exploits of the DDS.

Among the few pages he shared with PCIJ is one describing what would later lead to the DDS. Lascañas wrote that after Duterte won “by a slim margin of votes” over then Davao City Mayor Zafiro Respicio in 1988, “the Anti-Crime Task Force was organized by the Mayor (RRD). The Task Force was led by then Major Ernesto Macasaet, a very close friend of Mayor Rody Duterte.”
“The Anti-Crime Campaign of Mayor Duterte was so serious and remarkable in its inception, crime rate of Davao City were (sic) observed in its low level since Mayor Rody became mayor,” wrote Lascañas. “He hit hard the organized crime group in the city, w/the full cooperation of the police force, then the Davao Metropolitan District Command.”

‘Bloodletting formula’

Later pages, however, have this prediction: “Mayor RRD’s entry into the Presidential Derby 2016 could be a Divine Trap. It would lead him to his political waterloo. Win or lose, sooner or later, he would become the most hated political figure in Philippine history.”

According to Lascañas, Duterte is “a physically, morally, and spiritually disturbed person. He is for flesh, blood, and power no matter what.”
“What he wants, he gets,” Lascañas wrote in his journal. “What matters (to) him most is his personal and political security.”

He continued, “If ever he will win the presidency and apply in the whole country his Davao formula of bloodletting on the premise of peace and order and illegal drugs, eventually he will lead this country (to) hell, and deceptively perpetuate himself to lifetime in power.”
“And the rest, ” Lascañas said, would be “lethal history, evil prevail(s).”
‘Like brothers’

Duterte had six full terms as Davao City mayor between 1992 and 2016, during which extrajudicial killings there became rife. (He was a congressman from 1998 to 2001 and was vice mayor from 2010 to 2013, while his daughter Sara was Davao City’s chief executive.) Lascañas worked with the Davao City police for 34 years during that period, too.

From 1992 to 2001 alone, the Davao media attributed at least 150 deaths in the city to the DDS and then Mayor Duterte’s war against drugs. In September last year, self-confessed DDS hitman Edgar Matobato told the Senate that the DDS, allegedly under Duterte’s orders, killed some 1,000 people from 1993 to 2013.

During his testimony at the Senate, Matobato had also pointed to Lascañas as the head of the DDS. He said Lascañas was “talaga ang parang sa tingin ko, parang kapatid, parang kuwan na sila, close na close na sila ni Mayor Duterte (in my view, like a brother, he and Mayor Duterte were really close).”

According to Matobato, Duterte once even told Lascañas, supposedly after yet another ‘hit’: “’Tur, kung wala ka, hindi malilinis ang Davao (‘Tur, without you, Davao would not get cleaned up).”
A few weeks later, however, Lascañas would label almost everything that Matobato said at the Senate as “lies.” And as proof that he was not as influential as Matobato had said, Lascañas told the Senate that he had been unable to do anything – “wala akong nagawa” – when two of his brothers who had been involved in drugs were killed in separate incidents by “elements of the Davao City police.”

Lascañas also said that when his daughter, then a new nursing school graduate, tried to apply for a job at City Hall, she was not only rejected, but was insulted as well. And this was, he said, when he had been struck by “severe illness” and was on dialysis.
A journal of guilt?

This was in 2015, which was also the year when Lascañas apparently took up pen and paper and began writing what he would later describe as a journal of his guilt.

“I faithfully believe that I am at peace with my Divine Creator if my conscience is clean and clear,” Lascañas said in one of the journal’s pages shown to PCIJ. “My clean and clear conscience is my direct guide to make righteous decisions to repent of all my mortal sins that will lead me to submit to the will of GOD.”

“If to follow GOD’s will will lead me to prosecution, incarceration, loss of human dignity, and painful death, so be it,” he also wrote. “THY WILL BE DONE.”

Lascañas recently sought religious guidance after making up his mind to come forward. Last Feb. 20, he contacted Senator Antonio Trillanes IV, with whom he had a heated exchange when he testified at the Senate in October last year and denied almost everything that Matobato had said.

Under close guard

At that hearing, though, Lascañas had admitted that that Philippine National Police Director General Ronald ‘Bato’ de la Rosa had put him under close guard by a team of policemen. The team, which included SPO4 Sanson “Sonny” Buenaventura (said to be yet another of Duterte’s trusted aides), escorted Lascañas from Davao to Manila and back. De la Rosa himself was present when Lascañas testified at the Senate n October 2016.

“He was under duress and could not move and talk freely,” says someone privy to what was happening to Lascañas at the time. “He was also afraid that he and his family would be harmed by the policemen he would implicate and most of all, the president. He was worried about the personal safety and security of his family members who were still in Davao.”

Moreover, Lascañas had earlier reportedly received more than enough signals to stay mum. According to the source, “a senior PNP official met with Lascañas before his testimony at the Senate to gauge whether or not he would say anything negative.” In fact, says the source, “Police Supt. Antonio Rivera’s instruction was that it would be better for him not to testify at all.”
Rivera was the spokesperson of the Southern Mindanao police command, and now the incumbent Davao City Deputy Director for Administration.

Retirement pay

A last but apparently most important reason for Lascañas’s testimony of denials in October 2016 was his official retirement from the police service on December 16, 2016. Says the source close to Lascañas: “He was retiring in two months. He was careful not to court the ire of the higher-ups. It would have been a pity if he were to be denied his benefits after 34 years of service.”
Lascañas had been on “non-duty status” or inactive service since March 2016, because of his kidney ailment. But at Christmas time last year, after 34 years and seven months in service, Lascañas received a cash payout equivalent to a third of his retirement benefits, or over a million pesos, according to PNP insiders.

A former official with the same rank and tenure as Lascañas said his total benefits should have amounted to P3.1 million, with a monthly pension of about P35,000 on the side. The PNP allows its retirees to get a full year’s advance on their pension benefits.

He would have gotten more if his application for promotion to SPO4 had been acted upon. Lascañas even told the Senate that he had followed it up — to no avail.
By contrast, one of the police officers he implicated last week in the murder of a religious group leader, Gaudencio ‘Jun’ Bersabal, now holds one of the highest positions in the PNP: Police Senior Supt. Rommil Mitra, who was also one of the 22 policemen ordered suspended for six months by the Ombudsman for failure to solve cases of summary killings in Davao City. The police chief of Sigabay at the time of Bersabal’s killing, Mitra is now the chief of the Directorial Staff of the PNP Region Office 3 (Central Luzon). —

With research and reporting by Nancy C. Carvajal and Davinci Maru, PCIJ, February 2017

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Road Safety Idea Hack Challenge 2017

Attention: All those interested in providing road safety solutions whether it be an app, technology or digital media here is your chance:

In a nutshell what is it all about?

WHAT: Road Safety Idea Hack Challenge 2017
WHEN: March 13 (Launch) Morning (8:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m.) and Afternoon (1:00 p.m. -5:00 p.m.): Free Workshops (!) – Coding, mapping, road safety!
WHERE: Crowne Plaza Ballroom B, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Ortigas Avenue
WEBSITE: IdeaHack2917

Eventbrite : Click on this link


Up to PhP 180,000 worth of prizes at stake!

On Road Safety

Road traffic injuries pose a major public health problem and a leading cause of death, injury and disability globally. Roughly 1.2 million people die each year as a result of road traffic crashes with 90% deaths occur in developing countries (WHO Global Status Report on Road Safety, 2015).

Hence, the government realized the need for a quality data collection on road crash investigation mechanism. With the support from the World Bank, a web-based platform has been developed for geographical spatial recording and road crashes analysis –Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting (DRIVER) system. To date, the platform is used by MMDA, Cebu City, Dipolog City, and BGC which have recorded over 4000 incidents since 2016.

In response to this, the Department of Transportation (DOTr) organizes the IDEA HACK which challenges participants to create and develop solutions related to the improvement of quality of road crash data collection and reporting in the country. This Competition is a complement to the UN Decade of Action goal of reducing 50% of global road fatalities by 2020.

About the event

The IDEA HACK Competition encourages creative use of ICT, digital media , and road data in addressing one of the problem statements in road safety. These solutions can be apps, platforms, websites, visualizations, advocacy campaigns, paper prototypes, maps etc. The challenge aims to use the DRIVER platform in creating solutions to improve road safety in the country such as, but not limited to the following:

Create visualizations/guides on how to use the DRIVER platform;
Create an app that will show real-time road safety statistics;
Create a platform which allows citizen reporting for road crashes and combines data from DRIVER;
Create visualizations to help the public understand and respond to crash data;
Improve emergency medical response services for road crash victims; and
Develop an advocacy campaign which emphasizes the need for data to make evidence-based decisions on road safety.

Important Dates

March 13: Launch at Crowne Plaza Ballroom B, Crowne Plaza Hotel, Ortigas Avenue

Morning (8:00 a.m. -12:00 p.m.): OAddress by Secretary of Transportation, Intro to the Hack-a-thon Datasets and Rules, Hacking 101 etc
Plated Lunch: Limited space — register early to secure a seat!

Afternoon (1:00 p.m. -5:00 p.m.): Free Workshops (!) – Coding, mapping, road safety!

March 13-17: IDEA HACK!

Submission Deadline: March 17, 2017, 6:00 p.m.
March 18: Award Dinner at Crowne Plaza Ruby AB

1:00 p.m. – 5:00 p.m.: Finalist presentations, judging and voting, next steps
5:30 p.m. – 7:00 p.m.: Networking awards dinner (Limited space – register early to secure a space!)

Criteria for judging

The entries will be judged by the committee with following criteria:

Innovation and Uniqueness (35 %). Does it communicate efficiently and effectively? Is it different from other apps currently available?

Potential social value and market (35 %). Does it bring value to drivers, pedestrians, and residents? What are you contributing to the improvement of society?

Usability – UI and Quality Experience (30 %). Is the app easy to navigate? Is the idea properly executed? Is the interface clear and simple? Does the app work in a way the user would expect?

Applications will be selected and awarded for the following categories:

Grand Prize: Php 90,000 and other prizes
Second Place: Php 60,000 and other prizes
Third Place: Php 30,000 and other prizes

Complete mechanics, problem statements, and other Road Safety Idea Hack FAQs can be found here.

Event FAQs

How can I contact the organizer with any questions?
Please send an email to

Do I have to bring my printed ticket to the event?
Please present a printed ticket or a ticket saved in your phone. Only those with tickets will be allowed inside event venue.

Can I update my registration information?
Yes, you can!

Do I have to attend the workshop to participate in the contest?
Not necessarily, but at least one team member must be present during the launch on March 13.

Can you join the contest if you can’t make the award ceremony?
ALL team members must be present in the awarding on March 18.

PRESS RELEASE – 17 February 2017

Idea Hack Highlights Road Safety in the Philippines
Government taps open data to support efforts to reduce road crashes

METRO MANILA,—The Department of Transportation (DOTr) and partner agencies will gather Filipino developers, IT and digital media talents, and road safety enthusiasts in a national Road Safety Idea Hack, which also features workshops using traffic and road safety data sets at the Crowne Plaza, Ortigas Avenue, Quezon City on March 13 and 18

The Road Safety Idea Hack welcomes people from diverse backgrounds, whether in app development, digital media, social science, data sciences, road safety advocacy and all who are excited and interested to learn more about open data and road safety.

Interested participants will form teams to produce ideas, analyses, methodologies, digital media, advocacy campaigns and app prototypes to improve road safety in the Philippines, using OpenTraffic data provided by Grab, road crash data aggregated by the DOTr, and other datasets, such as jeepney routes and school locations. Entries will be judged according to expected impact, creativity, feasibility, and presentation. The panel of judges will be announced shortly.

Registered participants who are not joining the competition are also invited to free workshops on March 13, where they can learn new skills, such as using Mapillary or the Open Street Map, or about how to become a road safety advocate.

Road safety is a critical issue affecting the lives of millions of Filipinos, and through the Philippine Road Safety Action Plan (2011-2020), the DOTr is committed to reduce road crashes by 50%. While crashes can be mitigated with targeted policy and infrastructure interventions, these interventions need to be well-informed by evidence. Hence, the DOTr is enlisting the support of the public to use its new open data sets to find solutions that will help meet this target.

“The DOTr, led by Sec. Art Tugade, is strongly committed to address the country’s challenges in road safety and improve the country’s transportation. Accurate and reliable data on road crashes and multi-sectoral collaboration are crucial to achieve these goals. Through this initiative, we plan to tap the country’s ICT talents and road safety community to develop innovative solutions,” DOTr Assistant Secretary for Land Transport and Infrastructure Mark de Leon said.

The DOTr will also be launching a new platform called Data for Road Incident Visualization Evaluation and Reporting (DRIVER), a web-based and open-source national system for geo-spatially recording and analyzing road crashes. DRIVER can be publicly accessed at and is currently populated with data from Metro Manila, Cebu, and Dipolog.

Grab is the leading sponsor of the idea alongside the World Bank, the Korea Green Growth Partnership, Globe, Bloomberg Initiative for Global Road Safety, Mapillary, Ateneo School of Government, Imagine Law, Vera Files, Azavea, among others.

“The country is in for an innovative event as people of different professions will be coming together to brainstorm for solutions to road safety problems. Technology and data are at the core of our business and something we’ve been sharing with the Philippine government since April 2016. Grab highly encourages everyone to participate to help make transportation safer for Filipinos,” Grab PH Country Head Brian Cu said.

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Letters about Edsa 1986 circa 2017

An epistle is a letter sent to a person or a goup often in a formal and elegant style and its aim is to teach. We are familiar with it from the letter of Paul to the different communities and In a sense John and his apocalyptic writings from exile in Patmos.Today is the 25th of Februaruy and two public figures have wrote epistles or epistolas in Greek which means letters to express their own view about Edsa 1986 and the present state of affairs:


The public letter of Lingayen-Dagupan Archbishop Socrates “Soc” Villegas, president of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of the Philippines. He wrote to this to the lare Cardinal Sin the Archbshop of Manila and possibly the most astute Filipino politician who was also a Prince of the Roman Cathoic Church. VIllegas wrote this and made. It public for the 31st anniversary of the EDSA People Power Revolution of February 25, 1986.

Dear Cardinal Sin,

It is you I miss most these days.

I do not mean to disturb your peace. You already have passed from this valley of tears to the House of the Father, but please Cardinal Sin, do not forget us in our present travails as a nation. I know you can receive this message. I believe. Nothing can separate you from us in the Lord. You love this country so much. You will not let us lose our hope.

I know you can hear me, and I know you are here. As I know your love for this country, I also believe that in heaven your heart pleads to the heart of God to embrace this beautiful land. Cardinal Sin, embrace us and ask God to embrace your God loving people. Do not look at the blessings we have squandered and the heroism we have ridiculed. Do not look at the news we have faked and the people we have cheated. Do not look at our uncaring attitude about the victims of extrajudicial killings now exceeding the number of victims during martial law.

Look at us in our fears and pray for us to God to heal our land. Give is courage. Give us hope. Shake us up from our timidity.
Thirty one years after EDSA 1986, I hear our people ask: What shall we celebrate? What is there to celebrate? By the corner of EDSA and Ortigas, I want to sit and weep as I remember the four glorious days of February 1986 now dimmed. The glory now flickers in the darkness of fear and terror again. The songs of peace now drowned by the cuss words of hate that invite murder. The bloodless revolt now stained by the blood in our streets and street gutters. The statistics of unresolved murder continues to rise, and not a single one has been investigated and brought to justice.
Four days of bloodless revolution! Wow!

Now 8 months of relentless killings of the poor in the name of “change”! It is a nightmare, Your Eminence! It is a shame.

The dictator ousted by People Power is now buried among heroes. The Lady of 1,200 pairs of shoes is now Representative in Congress. History books are rewritten. Historical memory is revised. The hero is a villain. The plunderers are now heroes. Thank God, Eminence, you did not see these days we are going through.
Tears flow. Uncertainties choke us. It is hard to choose silence and take the blows. How long can we endure? It is hard to fight for the right without question or pause and be willing to march into hell for a heavenly cause. You remember that song Eminence? That was your favorite line I remember. Singing it again makes me smile and makes me tear.

Did you also cry quietly in the dark years of the dictatorship? Were you ever discouraged and did you also question yourself if what you were doing was right? Were you ever afraid or did you ever feel the urge to stay in your zone of comfort instead of fighting the unbeatable foe?

Cardinal Sin, I feel the same and you know that. I know many feel this way. Teach us how to cope. Teach us your courage. Teach us your humor. Teach us your faith. Teach us righteous indignation. Wake us up from our pacifism and pull us into the fire of passion and courage again.

They are looking for you, but you are not here. They are waiting for your voice, but they cannot hear. They want to see you again, but you seem so far away now. Is it wrong

Can we still celebrate EDSA People Power? I asked you that years ago and you said, “Yes we must celebrate because EDSA is people! Please celebrate even when Cory and I are gone.

For as long as there is a child willing to right the unrightable wrong;?for as long as there is a young man willing to reach the unreachable star even if his hands have grown weary; for as long as there is a war-weary soldier willing to smile at a colegiala who bravely puts a flower onto the muzzle of his gun; for as long as there is priest willing to offer the Mass for the healing of this broken and bleeding land…this land may be ruled by tyrants and killers, murderers may win in elections, plunderers may grin at the ignorant voters they have cheated, trolls may keep hurling invectives at their peace loving countrymen, commanders may prostitute the meaning of EDSA…but we will still celebrate.

For EDSA is not about the enemies of peace and democracy but the faith and bravery of a people who called upon the Lord in their distress and whose cry the Lord has heard from heaven. EDSA is our people’s cry and our God’s loving reply.

In your final years, Your Eminence, you saw how that spirit was diluted and some even wanted it reversed. But you were firm to remind me even from your sickbed that EDSA is heroic courage and will always be. What the pimps of that spirit have done cannot remove the purity of EDSA’s valor and the nobility of its lesson. The EDSA spirit is pure worth celebrating always. It is people who have raped it.

Against all odds, Cardinal Sin, we will remember. We will give thanks. We will challenge ourselves to live for God and to live for country as you did.

Rest now, Cardinal Sin. You have left us lessons to last us many lifetimes. All we must do is to keep on remembering and to keep the fire aglow. You have passed on that torch to us and we will not fail you. Promise!

Hug me in my dreams. Embrace me in my prayer. Guide me by your memory. Please hug my parents for me in the Father’s House.




“I recently read a letter to the late Cardinal Sin by Archbishop Soc Villegas and I was so distrubed by the rant that I decided take out my pen from retirement and practice once again the only talent that I have, writing.

On the evening of February 25, 1986, I was playing in dreamland when my father interrupted my slumber and told me to get dressed because we have to go downtown.

While we were hudled in the car, he told us, “Timan-i ninyo ning gabhiona ni. Ayaw ninyo kalimti.”

I have a memory of myself standing on the stairs of the San Pedro church bell tower, listening to the incessant ringing of the bells. I did not understand what was happening, but I surmised that it must be something very important because my father had to get me out of bed to watch cheering and partying adults on the streets.

Fast forward to 2017 and I would now say that the celebration of the 1986 EDSA revolution is important but only to commemorate what we did for our country on a certain period in our history.

I find it hard to understand why this bloodless revolution has become the standard definition of freedom for our country and this standard is forced down our throats by a certain group of individuals who think they are better than everyone else. These are the elite and their friends, including Archbishop Villegas.

Oh, dear Archbishop. How dare you say that my father has singlehandedly defaced the memory of the EDSA revolution.

Since 1986 and until seven months ago, I remember that our nation has been hounded by corruption, crime, territorial war of gangs and druglords, extrajudicial killings, narco politics, terrorism, protracted rebellion, abuse of power in government, political bickering and the entry of foreign mafias.

It surely did not start when President Duterte took office.

He won the Presidency precisely because you ignored what was wrong with this world. All you desired was to put into power a leader who walks and talks like you — someone who is definitely not Rodrigo Duterte.

When your friend failed as a President, I cannot remember you calling it the rape of EDSA. You just swept it under your glitzy rugs and you moved on, back to business — back to acting as if you can save us all from hell.

Your group is sadly a bunch of delusional hypocrites. While all of you were up there riding high on your horses, you failed to notice that many of us down here empathize with what Rodrigo Duterte is saying because it is the hard truth. It is truly without the air of hyprocrisy that we smell from your kind.

How dare you call us pimps of the EDSA spirit and yet it is you who cannot accept what has happened to our country since 1986.

How dare you say that we are trying to prostitute the meaning of EDSA.

My father perfectly understood what the spirit of EDSA is, otherwise, he would not have told me to never forget that night of 31 years ago. And I now believe that he understands it better than you do.

You preach about freedom as if you invented it, as if it is your gift to us. Let me tell you what freedom is. It is to live a life that is free from your selective moral standard. This is what the meaning of EDSA is.

Unfortunately for you Archbishop Villegas, this is not a biased commentary on your letter to the dead because I am not a fan of President Duterte.

But you are truly, madly, deeply worse than a hundred President Dutertes.


Dear Reader and Friends,

The two letters interesred me because of the point and counterpoint. One used the memory of hus mentor the Late Cardinal Sin to make a political point while the other was a riposte: a counter: a reaction to the latter.

About Edsa 1986 I am actually a veteran of EDSA 1986 I know for one thing the road to Edsa was not limited to those days in February 1986 and perhaps even beyond the assasination of Senator Benigno Aquino. Let us get a few things straight at least from my point of view.

First, Edsa was a collective effort of people from different sectors of society to bring in hope and change.

Second, The hope and change expected by its participants was achieved and not achieved. While true that democracy was achieved with the support of the people a lot pf things remained the same. The elite both political remained in power — Marcos politicians and former pre-martial law politicians returned and proceeded to play the game of musical chairs as to who will be in power.Corruption was and still is prevalent instead of a jackal we are now confronted by Kng Rat — a legion of rats forming a single massive rat. Economic progress largely failed to trickle down. Progress was achieved by the individual still by working overseas and working locally for multinational companies.

To put it simply the spirit of Edsa was largely betrayed.

What further complicated the situation was the growing lack of empathy of our leaders, who favored motherhood statement and spin to actual meaningful works for the good of the people.

Third, In the latter period of Cardinal Sin’s life the Filipino Roman Catholic Church began to become plagued by old and new sins. Sexual allegations, corruption, politicking and the collapse of one of its bank Monte De Piedad happend. The view was that the astute Cardinal Sin who was politically adept failed to do the same thing for his church. Perhaps this is why upon his retirement and death, Rome theough John Paul II, Benedict and Francis divided the archdiocese of Manila into four and appointed more religious and spiritually inclined Cardinals.

So here we are with the government of President Duterte and as we look back how should we remember Edsa 1986. I think it should be remembered and commemorated thr same way we commemorate and remember Jose Rizal, Imdepence Day and the other national day. It is not a religious day of obligation. One should remember it was a collective effort of people from different sectoss of society, One should also remember while through the collective efforts of different people democracy and freaadim was returned the promise and hope of progress, safety and stability was not achieved. Instead corruption and incompetency flooded the land. THis should not be forgotten by all of us.



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